The 2 year grape journey is a sweet and interesting journey of planting Thompson seedless grapes all the way to harvest so sit back and enjoy as we go through grape paradise so we started our grapes back in january.
Of 2015 this is the flame seedless grape we got this at home people and you can get these grape plants at any gardening center in your area and the first thing you need to do is.
Once you get the package you just open it and you want to make sure that the roots stay hydrated while you’re preparing your potting mix or while you are planning to plant this in the ground as you can see here this is a bare.
Rooted plant and you just keep it in water just make sure the roots stay hydrated while you prepare your potting mix we will be planting this in a container you can plant it in the ground as well.
And here we go it’s just a simple container with water and now we’re going to prepare our potting mix we’re going to be using a large pot grape trees grow into very large plants and need a lot of space for the roots so we’re gonna be.
Using this container, it has a lot of holes drilled as you can see a common question that a lot of users ask me is if you need holes in containers when growing plants and the answer is yes you do we’re going to be using a mix of peat.
Moss onethird of peat moss i’m just using this compressed bale of peat moss that you can get at any garden store make sure that you break up the pieces very well and to this mix we’re going to be adding onethird of compost now i’m.
Using some homemade compost here you can buy bagged compost if you want and some of my compost is unfinished so I’m going to be removing some of the unfinished compost from this mix and make sure that i have a lot of finished.
How Do Farmers Make Seedless Fruit
If i swallow a watermelon seed a new watermelon will grow in my stomach, right? everyone knows that! Good thing we have seedless watermelons! Wait if theres no seeds, how do we make more of them? These days, you see WAY more seedless fruits than seeded. Seedless grapes, watermelons, oranges, come to mind, but natural bananas have seeds, so do cucumbers! Fruit is, by nature, a matured ovary around a seed, the flesh of a watermelon or apple is part of.
That ovary! so if it’s not natural, then what is seedless fruit? Seedless plants have been around for millennia. Some strains of grapes were documented in ancient Roman times that didn’t produce seeds. And in 1872, seedless navel oranges were brought to the US from Brazil. They were sourced from a clump of freak orange trees according to a New York Times article from 1902 and thanks to American farmers grow everywhere today. FYI: seedless fruits are not genetically modified no one is tweaking their DNA to.
Add or remove genes; instead, they’re selecting traits and breeding them naturally. In botany, breeding seedless fruit is called parthenocarpy. Parthenocarpic fruit can occur naturally due to mutations or problems with sperm and egg fertilization or through specific hybrid breeding mixing plants with more or fewer chromosomes to get a sterile offspring. For example, bananas have an extra set of chromosomes, called triploid it’s sort of like the fruit version of a mule it’s sterile.
Seedless plants are cultivated by farmers because consumers buy for convenience! nothing is more inconvenient than a seeded grape, amirite? The National Watermelon Promotion Board says only 16 percent of watermelons sold have seeds! But if the seed of a plant is how that plant reproduces, how do we perpetuate a seedless plant? There’s no SEED TO PLANT! But farmers know the answer to this one through grafting. Farmers and agribusinesses spend lots of capital to produce what they believe is the best fruit.
For modern life. watermelon with thick rinds survive shipping and no seeds sell better; so why let nature mess those perks up by allowing them to naturally breed? Instead, they’ll reproduce that seedless plant variety. This is has been done since antiquity. If a branch is sliced from a seedless tree it could (eventually) grow a whole new seedless plant. To increase the chances, farmers today use rooting hormone; a broad term for an antibacterial agent which can be made at home from willow bark, honey, or a chemical called.
Auxin which is naturally produced by plant roots! in fact, most of the fruit we eat in the U.S. today comes from cuttings; because it’s an easy way to propagate a single highyield fruit tree into an orchard of highyield trees especially when they don’t have seeds to grow their own offspring. Farmers can also graft cuttings onto existing trees making it possible to have say an orange and lemon growing on the same plant; again propagating without seeds.
There is an issue with this though, maybe you’ve spotted it, if farmers plant whole orchards of seedless, highyield trees based on the cuttings of an original tree they destroy biodiversity. All the trees are clones of that original seedless mutant! If a disease strikes the plant, like in the case of the banana in the 1970s, or the cacao problems in South America. Seedless plants are so genetically similar, they’re often struck by the same diseases making it spread quickly. Biodiversity is what keeps lineages of plants alive when.
Drought, blight, or disease strikes; some varieties die, but the species survives. seeds help propagate biodiversity and as an added bonus they’re often super nutritious! Heirloom plants may not look like fruits in the ads; they have a variety of colors, sizes and shapes; but some stand up better to disease and some don’t; some have BETTER flavors, and some don’t. As a consumer, we have to use our best judgment, and buy not for the sake of seed, but for what we really want.