Caring for Young Grape Vines
My name is David Handley, I’m with the University of Maine Cooperative Extension, and we’re here to talk about how to prune and train a young grapevine. This is a vine that was planted last spring. We got it from a dormant plant, or rooted cutting, and you can see the original part of the planting right here. This is what we got from the nursery, with a good root system under it. We planted it, and we had a bud break and some vine growth. This is last year’s growth right here. This was a green shoot. Typically, you may get more than one shoot developing. You may have several buds on here. We want to prune this back to one strong vine, your strongest one. We’re going to arrange for that to be tied.
Up to a trellis, because this particular vine is what’s going to become our permanent trunk, or the permanent part of the plant that’s going to be with us for the life of the planting. We want to make sure it’s the strongest of the vines that we can choose from. Any other one that developed that’s very weak, we can just cut that out, select our best one. The time of year to make these cuts are when the canes are dormant, and this is going to be really any time after the new year, until they bud out in late March, early April. We hope in the first year that we get enough good growth that we can tie it to the lower trellis wire. Typically here in Maine, we’re going to be.
Pruning to either a four arm kniffin training system, or an umbrella kniffin training system. Those trellises consist of two wires, one set at about two and a half feet, and a second wire set at about five feet. We hope in the first year that we’re going to get enough good growth to reach at least the bottom wire, but in order to make sure it’s growing straight, you can see we supported this with a small bamboo pole. Any kind of planting stake will work, and we just tie that vine up as it grows, rather than let it grow along the ground where it can get rot problems, and not develop a nice straight growth like we want. We tie it up, just like you’d tie up a beef steak tomato, get the.
Growth that you want. As I said, we’ve got pretty good buds here, reaching up to the first wire. You can see that I actually make it to the top wire, but you can see the growth up here is very scrawny and spindly, and isn’t really going to lead to a good, strong trunk. I’d rather actually start new growth for reaching to this top wire for next year. What that means is that I’m actually going to cut this off here, rather low, to try to get this bud here to break and give me a much stronger shoot to develop my trunk to the top wire next year. I can just take that there, and then, instead of using the bamboo pole this year, I can just tie it to the wire.
This bud will hopefully break, and give me a good, strong shoot, that I’m going to reach the second wire next year. Of course, these buds lower down will also break, and if this one happens to be weak, I may select one of these. But, if this bud does turn out to be a strong shoot, I’ll be cutting these off next winter and getting my single trunk back up to the top wire. Next year, when this does reach the top wire, eventually what we’ll be doing is taking one year old cane, and either draping it over this top wire and connecting it to the bottom wire in an umbrella kniffin, or we’ll be taking one cane at the top wire on each side, and one cane at the bottom wire on each side,.
To create four arms of one year old growth, for a four\uc0\u8209 arm kniffin system. Both systems work pretty well for concrete type grapes here in a cold climate like Maine.
How To Grow Lots of Grape Vines for FREE
Every year I try to add as many edible plants to my garden as I can, while spending as little money as possible. Most of my gardening budget goes to buying plants. Today, I want to show you a technique that you can use to get a lot of grape vines for very little cost, if any cost at all, as long as you or one of your neighbors or friends has a existing grape vine. Really, the only three materials you’re going to need for this project are a knife, a pot with some potting soil or just compost from your yard. That what I used. And of course, you’re going to need the grape vine (for the cuttings). It’s best if you try this before.
The grape vine starts to leaf out, when it’s in the dormant state during the winter. Alright, so basically every year, you’re probably going to prune a little bit of your grape vine, just to keep it in check and make sure the shape is how you want it to be as well as keeping it growing in the direction that you want. Well, you can take these cuttingsthese trimmingsfrom your grape vine and if they’re about three nodes longsee, here’s one node right here, and here’s another node, and another nodeyou’re going to at least three nodes, if not four to five nodes. What you want to do on the end of your cutting, once you have it off the vine, is take one.
End and shave off some of the hard outer bark of the vine, like so. It’s going to expose the kind of fleshy, softer green wood that’s on the inside of this cutting. That’s going to make your vine more likely to root by exposing this tender green area. I forget the exact name of it, but your vine will want to root after taking some damage to the outer layer of bark. So once you have your bark exposedthe green fleshy inner part exposedyou’re going to take your potting soil or compost, whatever you’re using, and stick it down into the soil. the damaged part of the cutting. And just make sure it’s nice and firm in the pot. Then.
You’re going to water it. Give it a really good watering and maybe put some mulch on it to keep it moist through the season. And your grape vinethe actual vine in the groundis going to leaf out first, so if it doesn’t start to leaf out immediately, don’t panic. It’s gonna take a little bit longer for the cutting to actually leaf out because it’s a cutting. it’s not the actual plant. It has to develop a root system to feed the leaves before it can actually focus on growing into a new plant. Just be patient. So then, after a few weeks, you’ll probably notice your main grape vine leafing out already. You’re gonna see something like this. See, it’s a new little leaf growing out of the.
Node on one of the cuttings I’ve already made. And it’s gonna keep growing and develop a root system and the leaves will get bigger. And eventually, you’ll have a cutting that’s like THIS. See? It’s forming new leaves on each of the nodes. And so you just leave it in those pots, and the roots will start to form in the pot. I would recommend leaving it in for at least a whole season, about a year, before actually transplanting it to the garden, just to make sure it’s well established. If you notice that your grape vine cutting is starting to leaf out, and it’s well before your last frost date, and you anticipate frost, I would take your cutting inside, because.
While the main grape vine may be able to handle the damage from a late frost, your cutting won’t survive, because it’s so delicate and still establishing. So if you notice that, I would take the cutting inside. that’s what I’ve been doing. But other than that, once your vine establishes you’ll have another whole free grape vine to grow anywhere you please in your yard. And you can even give them away! I’ve had about a 75% success rate with this method and I didn’t spend anything. I put some compost in a pot, cut some of my vine off just from normal yeartoyear pruning, and not I have more grape vines! Well, I hope you found this short guide useful and if you did, please consider subscribing.
To my channel. Thanks, and I’ll have more tutorials for you soon! Take care.