Hi Friends today i am going to show you something much bigger than our terrace garden. Its my uncle’s Areca Nut/Betel nut farm which is about 5 acres and this is my cousin Pratheek, who will help us to know and explain the plants. Hi Friends
I will show the Areca Nut/Betel Nut farm, pepper, and Banana, lemon and much more. At first we will see the cardamom plants which grow up to 10 feet height and their leaves are long as you can see here They grow in a place where the weather is cool and … they need plenty of rain In the stem of the plant the cardamom grows
you can see the flowers here After few days you can see the small cardamom coming up here they grow up to the length of this when they ripe they turn their color to yellow creamish yellow After it turns to creamish yellow color like this you have to pluck this and dry it up
and you will get the cardamom Now lets look about the areca nut/betel nut tree the leaves look like this these are similar, a bit similar to coconut tree leaves now lets see the flowers of it These are male buds Here this is a male flower and what you see here
is female flower, female bud yet to become flower after pollination after pollination you can see it becomes like this you can see the tiny areca nuts here and this is fully grown ripe areca nut with the shell Once you remove the shell they look like this (dried ones)
Thats it about Areca Nut/Betel Nut And now lets see coffee plant The leaves look like this you can see the veins these are coffee flowers they look like Jasmine from far they have a pleasant smell You can see the seedling of coffee here coffee bloom flower once in a year in the month of Febraury
Pruning Grape Vines
Hi, I’m Tricia, an organic gardener. If you want bunches of grapes on your grapevines this summer, then you need to do your winter pruning. I’ll show you how! There are two types of pruning: cane and spur pruning. And both of them should be done late in the season, between January and March. We’re gonna start with cane pruning, because all table grapeswill be productive with that method.
For cane pruning, I’m gonna choose one to two canesfrom last year’s growth on each side of the vine and I’m going to cut the rest! You can tell the age of a cane by its bark. 1yearold canes have smooth bark,older canes have shaggy bark. When choosing which canes to keep, you’re gonna choose a cane that’s coming off very close to the trunk, as compared to onethat’s coming off of a branch, like this. The canes that you keep should have about 15 buds along the length of the cane. And they should be close to the top of the vine.
Don’t choose canes that are too thin or too thick. Choose them when they’re about pencil size. I’m gonna tag the canes that I’m gonna keep with this ribbon, and I’m going to cut the rest. I want to make sure and not cut a good cane. These are the 2 fruiting canes that I’m going to keep. For every fruiting cane that I keep, I’m going to cut another cane into a renewal spur. A renewal spur is a cane cut to 2 buds and these buds are going to create next year’s fruiting canes. If your cut starts to bleed, don’t worry, that’s normal. It won’t hurt the vine.
After seeing how this vine is shaping up, I don’t think I need this cane after all. So you’re gonna cut your fruiting cane back to about 15 buds. And if you have any lateral branches coming off this cane, that’s the time you would cut them. For grape vines growing on arbors, the first thing you’re gonna do is cut off any suckers that are coming offthe main vine or cordon. And then you just want to cane prune. You want to keep one cane and one renewal spur for every 1 2 feet of cordon. This grapevine has been neglected and hasn’t been pruned in a couple of years.
So, before I actually start the spur pruning, I’m going to clean it up. Typically, spur prune varieties are trained to a bilateral cordon, which are these thick branches on either side of the trunk. These cordons can be pruned to length, but they’re never pruned all the way off, back to the trunk. Mine are maintained at about 3.5 feet. A spur is last year’s growth, cut back to 2 buds. Ideally, you’re gonna want 7 spurs on each cordon. And on this cordon, I’ll probably get close.
On the other cordons, I’ll have to wait until next year because this vine was neglected. The canes that make the best spurs are the ones that are going upward, close to the cordon. Prune all the canes to spurs and then select the best 7 for each cordon. Ideally the spurs should be spaced about 6 inches apart. Don’t worry if they’re not, just strive for some nice spacing between the 7 spurs on each cordon. Even though this is a nice cane, it’s growing too far from the cordon, so I’m gonna snip it off. Tame your grapes and Grow Organic for Life!.