Home Vineyard Growing Wine Grapes at Home
Hello and welcome to my home vineyard Let’s get a lay of the land. As you can see this is just a simple side yard it’s got about 55 feet of space long twentysix feet of space wide we elected to go with twenty twofoot long rows northsouth facing uh. the rows are spaced about five feet apart to give us ample space for the vines to grow.
And for us to manage and walk through we are planting about four plants per row to give it plenty of space to spread out and grow for the rows, we used uh. just simple fence posts these are eightfoot fence post sunk about three feet deep we tried to go about two feet deep but it wasn’t uh. it just simply wasn’t stable enough so we went that extra foot for stability.
The wire is fourteen gauge wire uh. we elected to go with the vertical trellising partly because it was easier and partly because uh. the north south facing rows, it allow it to get sun at all hours of the day uh. we have a drip irrigation lines ran along the bottom we will be using half gallon per hour drips two per plant that allows us to adjust the water.
Water flow and manage the irrigation a little easier than if we used a heavier flow we’ll actually be planting syrah grapes because we tend to be in a warmer, drier climate during the summer doing something like pinot noir would require greater cooler temperatures. that sort of thing that’s our vineyard. We’ll be planting the grapes next week and we’ll come back then.
Serving Growing Ohios Grape and Wine Industry
Last January, January 6th the official day of the polar vortex we experienced really damaging temperatures. Anywhere from around twenty below zero to about sixteen below zero where it killed the fruiting buds and it killed actual grape vines. And we’ve never experienced any damage like this before. And we’ve never we really didn’t know the extent of the damage on the vines until April May in that time frame when we didn’t see any buds developing and even some of the trunks cracked.
But the impact of that was dramatic we have no crop at all in our vinifera and we grow varieties like Chardonnay, Pinot Noir, Cabernet Franc, Riesling and without any grapes, we were forced to buy a lot of grapes. But it’s had a huge impact as far as the grape production not to mention the actual wine loss which is two or three years spanning. Because in some of the vineyards that will have to be replaced from the ground up.
With new vines we will not get the first crop is three to four years out. So the impact is just dramatic and millions and millions of dollars. Actually in the viticulture program at Ohio State one of our focus of the research is cold hardiness of grapes. So really that’s one of my expertise in this field of learning more about how grapes cope with freezing with cold in general. After this cold event our growers really needed a lot of help in terms of how to not only assess.
The damage but also how to deal with the vines that are damaged. And we conducted a lot of workshops just to show them how to prune the vines. Our relationship with Ohio State goes way back in the 1980’s We’ve had a long standing relationship with ongoing research in the winery and in the vineyards. Currently with Imed Dami our research stems lately from the cold winter vortex where we’ve had a lot of the vines killed and damaged from the minus twenty degree temperatures.
Current research is kind of involved to the extent of the damage to determine the actual damage and to have pruning studies done to see what was the best way to prune these injured vines. We have not had temperatures that cold since 1994 here and myself and a lot of the grape growers have not experienced this cold damage. So we need research to help us kind of figure out what’s the next step and see what our future is in these vineyards.